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Channel 5 (surprisingly) had a good programme on about Pompeii/Herculaneum/Vesuvius last night, presented by (I think) Bettany Hughes(?)

She was fairly good really. However for some reason I can't remember what her face looks like.
Highly recommend the new documentary about the Kraffts, Fire of Love.

Some of the best footage of human/volcano interaction you'll ever see.

The visuals and sound mean it's a must see in the cinema.
This is an interesting 2 parter investigating on the Vanuatu archipelago on the S.Pacific ring of fire & the islanders who live on it & revere Prince Philip, with an Australian team of geologists. First part is on Tanna, which has a very active volcano, more or less constantly erupting. Their job is to collect a fresh lava bomb & monitor gas emissions to try to forecast whether the volcano could be heading for another major eruption. It involves waiting for an opportune moment to run down from the rim & collect a fresh bomb between eruptions which happen about every few minutes, hoping to avoid getting hit by one. A large lake on the island disappeared in a matter of hours & drained into the sea after a ‘quake a few years ago.

Part 2 is on Ambrym where they abseil down from the rim closer to the active volcano, one of only 5 lava lakes on the planet, a fearsome heaving cauldron of molten lava & sulphur dioxide emissions. Acid rain & acid gas. Scary stuff.


As they do for a lot of eruptions, Afar TV have a live webcam of the Mauna Loa volcano.
Another one.
Mount Semeru in Indonesia.
Exactly 1 year after it last erupted.

Indonesia's Mount Semeru volcano has erupted, sending ash billowing into the sky and sparking evacuations on the country's main island, Java.
Authorities raised the volcano's warning status to the highest level, meaning its activity had escalated.

'Lascar' in Chile has decided to have a rumble.

Chilean officials have put a safety warning in place after a volcano sent an eruptive column 6,000m (almost 20,000ft) into the sky.
Lascar volcano, which sits in the Andes, rumbled into action on Saturday, triggering minor earth tremors.
No damage in the surrounding area has so far been reported, but an initial green warning was raised to yellow.
Chile's National Geology and Mining Service (Sernageomin) defines "yellow" as meaning a volcano is unstable.

Vid at link.

Shiveluch volcano: Video shows Russian village under 8.5cm of ash​

The Shiveluch volcano on Russia's Kamchatka peninsula erupted early on Tuesday, releasing a 10km (six mile) cloud of smoke and ash into the sky, authorities said.

Nearby areas were smothered in a thick layer of volcanic ash - rising to 8.5cm (3.3in) in the village of Klyuchi. No casualties have immediately been reported.


Litli-Hrútur Volcano Erupts After 800 Years

The Litli-Hrútur volcano in Iceland erupted on July 10, 2023, following heightened seismic activity. The eruption is being closely monitored using satellite technology, attracting tourists and posing potential health hazards due to sulfur dioxide release.

On July 10, 2023, a volcano some 30 km (20 miles) from Iceland’s capital, Reykjavik, erupted following heightened seismic activity in the area. Satellites orbiting above us have captured the molten lava and smoke plume puffing from the Litli-Hrútur volcano.


Litli-Hrútur, translating to ‘Little Ram,’ is situated in the Fagradalsfjall volcanic area in southwest Iceland. Following roughly 800 years of dormancy, the volcanic area became active in March 2021.


maximus otter
I gets better. :cool:

Saw this on Facebook - Eruption from Mount Etna (Sicily) gives the illusion of a Phoenix in the sky.

Image by samir391.


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    Eruption from Mount Etna (Sicily) gives the illusion of a Phoenix in the sky. .jpeg
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Oral traditions, myths and a 2.500 year old volcanic eruption.

Can you imagine a scientist who could neither read nor write, who spoke their wisdom in riddles, in tales of fantastic beings flying through the sky, fighting each another furiously and noisily, drinking the ocean dry, and throwing giant spears with force enough to leave massive holes in rocky headlands?

Our newly published research in the journal Oral Tradition shows memories of a volcanic eruption in Fiji some 2,500 years ago were encoded in oral traditions in precisely these ways.

They were never intended as fanciful stories, but rather as the pragmatic foundations of a system of local risk management.

Life-changing events​

Around 2,500 years ago, at the western end of the island of Kadavu in the southern part of Fiji, the ground shook, the ocean became agitated, and clouds of billowing smoke and ash poured into the sky.

When the clouds cleared, the people saw a new mountain had formed, its shape resembling a mound of earth in which yams are grown. This gave the mountain its name—Nabukelevu, the giant yam mound. (It was renamed Mount Washington during Fiji's colonial history.)

So dramatic, so life-changing were the events associated with this eruption, the people who witnessed it told stories about it. These stories have endured more than two millennia, faithfully passed on across roughly 100 generations to reach us today.

Scientists used to dismiss such stories as fictions, devalue them with labels like "myth" or "legend". But the situation is changing.

Today, we are starting to recognize that many such "stories" are authentic memories of human pasts, encoded in oral traditions in ways that represent the worldviews of people from long ago.

A dramatic volcano eruption changed lives in Fiji 2,500 years ago—100 generations have kept the story alive

Nabukelevu from the northeast, its top hidden in cloud. Inset: Nabukelevu from the west in 1827 after the drawing by the artist aboard the Astrolabe, the ship of French explorer Dumont d’Urville. It is an original lithograph by H. van der Burch after original artwork by Louis Auguste de Sainson. Credit: Wikimedia Commons; Australian National Maritime Museum, CC BY-SA

In other words, these stories served the same purpose as scientific accounts, and the people who told them were trying to understand the natural world, much like scientists do today.

Battle of the vu

The most common story about the 2,500-year-old eruption of Nabukelevu is one involving a "god" (vu in Fijian) named Tanovo from the island of Ono, about 56km from the volcano.

Tanovo's view of the sunset became blocked one day by this huge mountain. Our research identifies this as a volcanic dome that was created during the eruption, raising the height of the mountain several hundred feet.

Enraged, Tanovo flew to Nabukelevu and started to tear down the mountain, a process described by local residents as driva qele (stealing earth). This explains why even today the summit of Nabukelevu has a crater.

State of emergency declared in Iceland.

Fagradalsfjall: Iceland declares emergency over volcano eruption concerns
2 hours ago

Thousands of tremors near Fagradalsfjall volcano (pictured in July) have raised concerns over an eruption
By Adam Durbin
BBC News
Iceland has declared a state of emergency after a series of earthquakes raised fears of a volcanic eruption.

Authorities have ordered thousands living in the southwestern town of Grindavík to evacuate as a precaution.

The Icelandic Met Office (IMO) says it is concerned large amounts of magma - molten rock- is spreading underground and could surface there.

Thousands of tremors have been recorded around the nearby Fagradalsfjall volcano in recent weeks.

They have been concentrated in Iceland's Reykjanes Peninsula, which had remained dormant to volcanic activity for 800 years before a 2021 eruption.
Volcano erupts in Iceland
Iceland volcano erupts on Reykjanes peninsula
4 hours ago


Media caption,
Watch: Footage shows the volcano erupting north of the fishing town of Grindavik, Iceland

By Marita Moloney
BBC News
A volcano has erupted on the Reykjanes peninsula of south-west Iceland after weeks of intense earthquake activity.

About 4,000 people were earlier evacuated from the fishing town of Grindavik and the nearby Blue Lagoon geothermal spa was closed.

The eruption started north of the town at 22:17 local time (22:17 GMT), the Icelandic Met Office said.

The region around the capital Reykjavik has been experiencing an increase in earthquake activity since late October.

Images and videos posted on social media showed lava bursting from the volcano just an hour after an earthquake swarm, or seismic events, were detected.
Certainly spectacular but it's difficult to get any sense of scale.
i.e. is this active area a hundred yards wide or a mile?