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Iron Age Discoveries & Heritage

Exactly. I take it they didnt find any potential battle injuries on the skeleton.

Well the original article said "The buried skeleton was poorly preserved and the DNA within had deteriorated, so to determine the sex, scientists turned to the individual's teeth." so probably couldn't tell if there were injuries

Archeologists discover 2,000-year-old child’s shoe with laces intact

A shoe belonging to a child and dating back more than 2,000 years has been unearthed in Austria with its laces still intact.

The design of the leather shoe, whose size roughly corresponds to EU 30 (US 12), suggests it was likely made in the 2nd century BC, according to the German Mining Museum Bochum-Leibniz Research Museum for Geo-resources.
The shoe was excavated by archeologists in the western village of Dürrnberg, where rock salt mining took place from as early as the Iron Age, it said in a recent press release.

The salt, which is particularly good at preserving organic remains, is thought to have kept the shoe in extremely good condition.

“Our research activities at Dürrnberg have been providing us with valuable finds for decades in order to scientifically explore the earliest mining activities. The condition of the shoe found is outstanding,” Professor Thomas Stoellner, head of the Research Department at the German Mining Museum, said in the press release.

Archeologists discovered the shoe among other organic remains, including a fragment of a wooden shovel blade, as well as remains of fur with lacing that might have come from a fur hood.

The remnants of the shoe’s lacing found preserved were likely made of flax or linen, according to the release.

Finding a child’s shoe is “always something special,” because it shows that children were present underground, the museum said.
Buried before the rise of Rome

Iron Age necropolis that predates Rome unearthed near Naples

The excavations have recovered weapons, necklaces, bracelets and worked bones.

Pit tomb with a skeleton surrounded by rocks uncovered near Amorosi, Italy.

The archaeological team has unearthed 88 "pit tombs" at the site. There are also two large burial mounds that they think cover tombs of the elites of the ancient society. (Image credit: Italy Ministry of Culture/Terna)

An ancient necropolis discovered near Naples, Italy was used to bury the dead about 2,800 years ago, around the time the city of Rome was founded about 100 miles (161 kilometers) to the northwest.

The discovery gives researchers a rare insight into the Iron Age cultures that existed before the Roman domination of the region. The astonishing finds near the town of Amorosi, about 30 miles (48 km) northeast of Naples, include 88 burials in "pit tombs" of both men and women.

The men were typically buried with weapons, whereas the women were often buried with bronze ornaments, including bracelets, pendants, brooches — called "fibulae," and pieces of amber and worked bone, according to a translated statement from the Italian Ministry of Culture. ...

Interesting finds at the site of a fearsome fire.

A devastating fire 2,200 years ago preserved a moment of life and war in Iron Age Spain, down to a single gold earring​

A devastating fire 2,200 years ago preserved a moment of life and war in Iron Age Spain — right down to a single gold earring
The gold earring found by the scientists, photographed against a dark background, in front of the jar it was found in. Credit: Marco Ansaloni

A ruined building in the middle of the Pyrenees records a tragedy for the people who lived there—a devastating fire that burned a settlement to the ground, destroying almost everything except a hidden gold earring. Now archaeologists' excavation of Building G, in the strategically placed Iron Age site of Tossal de Baltarga, reveals a way of life derailed by violence: potentially, a forgotten episode of the war between Carthage and Rome.

"The destruction was dated around the end of the third century BCE, the moment where the Pyrenees were involved in the Second Punic War and the passage of Hannibal's troops," said Dr. Oriol Olesti Vila of the Autonomous University of Barcelona, lead author of an article in Frontiers in Environmental Archaeology.
"It is likely that the violent destruction of the site was connected to this war. The general fire points to anthropic destruction, intentional and very effective—not only Building G, but all the buildings of the site, were destroyed. In Building D we found a complete dog, burned…."

Buried treasure​

Tossal de Baltarga was a hillfort of the Cerretani community, who had a major settlement at nearby Castellot de Bolvir. It seems to have lacked defensive walls, but commanded an excellent view over the river and critical travel routes. Its sudden destruction preserved organic remains, which allowed archaeologists to paint a detailed picture of the life that its occupants lived until it was set alight.

"These valleys were an important territory economically and strategically," said Olesti Vila. "We know that Hannibal passed the Pyrenees fighting against the local tribes, likely the Cerretani. Not many archaeological remains of this expedition are preserved. Tossal de Baltarga is likely one of the best examples."
A devastating fire 2,200 years ago preserved a moment of life and war in Iron Age Spain — right down to a single gold earring
Building G as it might have looked before the fire, interpreted by Francesc Riart, illustrator. Credit: Reconstruction by Francesc Riart, illustrator. Shared by kind permission of the authors.

Building G had two floors. The fire burned so fiercely that the roof, support beams, and wooden upper floor fell in, but some of the valuables survived the fall: The archaeologists found an iron pickaxe and a gold earring, concealed in a little pot. ...

Stabbed and buried disrespectfully.

Human sacrifice evidence in Iron Age bones, say Bournemouth researchers​

Bournemouth University A human skeleton in the bottom of an archaeological pit
Bournemouth University
The skeleton of a woman in her late 20s were found face down on top of carefully arranged animal bones

An Iron Age woman whose remains were found in a pit may have been killed as a human sacrifice, researchers say.

A team from Bournemouth University said bones found in Winterborne Kingston, Dorset, in 2010 revealed the woman in her late 20s was stabbed in the neck. Her spine also showed evidence of hard labour, her ribs were broken and isotopes in her teeth suggested she grew up more than 20 miles away.

Researchers said it was "rare physical evidence" of human sacrifice.

Bournemouth University Image of second cervical vertebra with cutmarks to the left lamina said to indicate that the person was fatally stabbed in the neck
Bournemouth University
The bones revealed the woman was fatally stabbed in the neck

Dr Martin Smith, associate professor in forensic and biological anthropology, said: "In the other burials we have found, the deceased people appear to have been carefully positioned in the pit and treated with respect, but this poor woman hasn't.

"The young woman was found lying face down on top of a strange, deliberately constructed, crescent shaped arrangement of animal bone at the bottom of a pit, so it looks like she was killed as part of an offering."

Researchers from the university have been excavating the area at Winterborne Kingston for 15 years.