Poll was time-limited but results were lost in the transition. It has now been reset and reopened.I found the Wikipedia entry very enlightening: Fake News. It is especially good to see an article with 383 footnotes.
As to the growth in Fake News, well, apart from the political polarization of news reportage with zero consequences for spreading falsehood, there is also the issue that sensationalism sells. Add to this the increasing global adoption of the Russian Model of disinformation, which has been so effective at silencing opposition to Putin, and the steep increase in social media's reach into people's lives, and I think we can account for the level of garbage news we are receiving.
Incidentally, the poll for this forum topic seems broken.
FULL STORY: https://www.cnn.com/2019/10/02/asia/singapore-fake-news-internet-censorship-intl-hnk/index.htmlSingapore 'fake news' law comes into force, offenders face fines and prison time
Singapore's sweeping anti-fake news law, which critics warn could be used to suppress free speech in the already tightly controlled Asian city state, came into force Wednesday.
Under the Protection from Online Falsehoods and Manipulation Bill, it is now illegal to spread "false statements of fact" under circumstances in which that information is deemed "prejudicial" to Singapore's security, public safety, "public tranquility," or to the "friendly relations of Singapore with other countries," among numerous other topics.
Government ministers can decide whether to order something deemed fake news to be taken down, or for a correction to be put up alongside it. They can also order technology companies such as Facebook and Google -- both of which opposed the bill during its fast-tracked process through parliament -- to block accounts or sites spreading false information.
The act also provides for prosecutions of individuals, who can face fines of up to 50,000 SGD (over $36,000), and, or, up to five years in prison. If the alleged falsehood is posted using "an inauthentic online account or controlled by a bot," the total potential fine rises to 100,000 SGD (around $73,000), and, or, up to 10 years in prison.
Companies found guilty of spreading "fake news" can face fines of up to 1 million SGD (around $735,000).
The government has promised anyone who is affected by the bill will be able to lodge an appeal quickly and cheaply, but rights groups and lawyers have repeatedly warned it could be subject to abuse and may have a stifling effect on free speech.
Singapore's Home Affairs and Law Minister K Shanmugam said that ministers will have to explain why a piece of content is false if they are ordering a takedown or correction, and will not simply be able to arbitrarily issue a ruling. ...
I confess that I am quite interested to see how this piece of legislation fares in the longer term. Singapore is a pretty draconian little state when it wants to be. Much will depend on how Singapore's courts decide the test cases, as to whether such a law is a valuable protection for consumers of news, or whether it becomes a tool of political repression.It will be interesting to see how this initiative in Singapore unfolds. It's easy to see how it could be "good" or "bad", depending on how authorities end up applying it. Perhaps the key element in its success or failure will be whether anyone (e.g., whistleblowers, authorities) actually invests the effort necessary to make it work (for good or for ill ... ).FULL STORY: https://www.cnn.com/2019/10/02/asia/singapore-fake-news-internet-censorship-intl-hnk/index.html
Preachin' to the choir buddy, but thx.Prohibitionists a hundred or so years ago would have you believe that even a whiff
of drinking alcohol was dangerous - And they got an entire nation to outlaw it, brought big time organized crime into being , caused more misery, suffering and death than alcohol ever did - And yes alcohol is dangerous - but not nearly as dangerous as the dick heads who outlawed it !! WARNING: FAKE NEWS MAY BE HAZARDOUS TO YOUR HEALTH !!!
Newspapers in the UK have long been able to publish unsubstantiated and even fabricated stories with impunity.I suspect this stems from the decline of the regulated mainstream media - newspaper sales have plummeted in recent years, and the huge rise in unregulated so-called social media.
Bullshit had never travelled so fast as it does on Facebook, Twitter and such like.
I'm glad you mentioned India - Yes, the prime minister of India announced a banAlien View,
Why do you believe that the vaping problem is only in America ?
There are lots of commentary on the hazards from all over the world .
India, I believe, has banned it. And there are very many people who have never smoked tobacco who are addicted to it.
'Fake news' tends to be the news that those subjected to it do not wish others to know about.
There was a documentary about fake news on BBC4 a few weeks ago - the term "fake news" dates back to the late 1800s.